12-13 Dec 2015 International Workshop on the Fukushima Dialogue Initiative

“Rehabilitation of Living Conditions after the Nuclear Accident”

Fukushima Dialog Seminars, organized by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), have been held in various places in Fukushima Prefecture for a total of 12 times from November, 2011 to September, 2015.  This International Workshop, with the theme of “Recovery of living conditions after the nuclear accident,” convened in Date City on December 12th and 13th, to summarize the achievements of the past efforts and future challenges. As usual, FMU participated in this workshop.
Adjacent to the workshop venue was an exhibit of photos taken in the Suetsugi district by photographer Jun Takai, documenting life since 3.11.  The workshop itself included a live performance by Suwa Shrine Festival Drummers, mainly children and young adults.

Highlights of the workshop follow.

December 12 (Saturday)
Introduction: Christopher Clement (Scientific Secretary, ICRP)
Looking back on the 12 Dialogue Seminars, the themes, programs, discussions and reactions of attendees of each seminar were overviewed.  Details will be compiled and edited as a proceeding. Christopher Clement said they hope to pass the baton to local people as the next step.

What is the situation in Fukushima today? What has been achieved?
The presenters are professionals from various fields, who reported what has been accomplished to date and what were the future challenges in each field.  After the presentations, a panel discussion was carried out, and opinions, such as the importance of residents making their own radiation dose measurements, were offered from each presenter’s point of view.

Chair: Nobuhiko Ban (NRA)
Co-Chair: Jacques Repussard (IRSN)
Ryugo Hayano (University of Tokyo): Measure & communicate – what worked, what didn’t.
Makoto Miyazaki (FMU): 4 1/2 years of clinician born and raised in Fukushima – discrepancy found through dialogs and practice.
Makoto Omori (TUF): How should the media have reported the nuclear accident?
Aya Goto (FMU): Thinking, talking and working with professional community workers after the Fuskushima nuclear accident
Nobuaki Arima (Support Team for Residents Affected by Nuclear Incidents, Cabinet Office): With- drawal of evacuation orders by the Japanese government and challenges beyond
Moderator: Astrid Liland (NRPA)

Dialogue Participant Testimonies
The presenters reported how they have been living since the accident, how they connected and joined this seminar, and how they have been changing through their involvement in it. In the panel discussion, the presenters reflected on how this seminar gave them the opportunity to meet people with quite different backgrounds, and what has been gained.

Chair: Jun Ichiro Tada (RSF)
Co-Chair: Ole Harbitz (NRPA)
Speakers: Kuni Kanno (representing Iitate): For the day when we can go home‐Future is one step away.
Mayumi Otsuki (Date): Raising children in Fukushima.
Shinya Endo (representing Suetsugi): Son-in-law in a farm family and radioactivity.
Yukiko Ban (University of Tokyo): Eyes to the unseen. Ears to the unheard.
Satsuki Katsumi (Ex-school head, Date): Report of decontamination in Tominari Elementary School
Moderator: Ted Lazo (NEA)

December 13 (Sunday)
Lessons Learned by Participating Organizations
Many of the relevant institutions from abroad have also been joining in the Dialog Seminars.  The representatives of these institutions reported what they have learned through dialogues with people, and by visiting various places in Fukushima from their point of view.  Also, revision of the recommendations in ICRP Publication 111 in light of the Fukushima Dialog Initiative was reported.  The panel discussion addressed different attitudes on dialogue by country, as well as future challenges.

Chair: Michiaki Kai (JHPS)
Co-Chair: Jean-Luc Lachaume (ASN)
Astrid Liland (NRPA): Important lessons learned by Norway.
Francois Rollinger (IRSN): Lessons learned by IRSN on the involvement of experts alongside the population in areas contaminated by the Fukushima accident.
Ted Lazo (NEA): Radiological protection in the service of the society
Jacques Lochard (ICRP): The recommendations of ICRP publication 111 in light of the Fukushima Dialogue Initiative
Moderator: Toshimitsu Homma (JAEA)

Looking Forward
A city official, a journalist, a doctor, and the representative of a citizen’s group reported what they have been performing for reconstruction, and what they have found to be future issues and challenges through their activities. Then, high school students from Fukushima presented the results of measuring personal external dose exposure using D-shuttle recording dosimeters in several countries including Japan; the estimated doses in Fukushima were similar to those in other countries and fell well within the observed range.  The audience bestowed much praise on the students for their excellent scientific study. The panel discussed information sharing on radiation in daily life, the development of the future activities, and related topics.

Chair: Koichi Tanigawa (FMU)
Co-Chair: William Magwood (NEA)
Takahiro Hanzawa (Municipal Official, Date): ICRP, dialog, “yes” and “but”
Masaya Hayakawa (Fukushima Minpo): What has not much been discussed: a continuous increase of related death.
Masaharu Tsubokura (Minamisoma municipal general hospital): The current medical situation in Minamisoma and future tasks.
Ryoko Ando (Ethos in Fukushima): Four years of Ethos in Fukushima, ICRP Dialogue Seminars and the future.
Saki Anzai (scheduled but unavailable), Yuya Fujiwara, Minori Saito (Fukushima High School): Measurement and comparison of individual external doses of high school students living in Japan, France, Poland and Belarus: the ‘D-shuttle’ project.
Journal site URL: http://m.iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0952-4746/36/1/49

Moderator: Jean-Christophe Gariel (IRSN)

Conclusion: Jacques Lochard (Vice-Chair, ICRP)
Through the workshop, important issues concerning the role of an interpreter, who serves as an intermediary under the complex circumstances, and keeping the connection of sustainable relationships among community members with traditional culture were recognized. In addition, the photo exhibition and the performance of Japanese drums were strongly impressive. The presentation by high school students will advance the understanding of a radiation protection culture. In the workshop we could learn a lot, and these dialogues surely be a valuable assets to Fukushima, Japan, and the wider world as well. We hope that this activity will continue. Chapter 1 of the Dialog Seminar ends with this workshop.  It is unknown whether there is chapter 2 or not, however it is quite important to maintain some form of dialogue, and ICRP would like to continue to walk together with people in Fukushima into the future.

Finally, Jacques Lochard expressed sincere thanks to organizations and individuals supporting the Dialog Initiative.

The presentation files of this workshop can be found on the website of Ethos in Fukushima, and a documentary video covering 4 year of seminars will be shown on the website in February, 2016.